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Duties and Responsibilities of the Editor-in-Chief
1. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal should have the full authority to reject/accept a manuscript.
2. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal should maintain the confidentiality of submitted manuscripts under review or until they are published.
3. The Editor-in-Chief should take a decision on submitted manuscripts, whether to be published or not with other editors and reviewers
4. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal should preserve the anonymity of reviewers.
5. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal should disclose and try to avoid any conflict of interest.
6. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal should maintain academic integrity and strive to meet the needs of readers and authors.
7. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal should be willing to investigate plagiarism and fraudulent data issues and willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.
8. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal should have the limit themselves only to the intellectual content.
9. The Editor-in-Chief of the journal must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
10. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the Editor-in-Chief or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author's explicit written consent.
Duties and Responsibilities of Reviewers
1. The Reviewers of the journal should assist the Editor-in-Chief in taking the decision for publishing the submitted manuscripts.
2. The Reviewers should maintain the confidentiality of manuscripts, which they are invited to review.
3. The Reviewers should provide comments in time that will help the Editor-in-Chief to make decision on the submitted manuscript to be published or not.
4. The Reviewers are bound to treat the manuscript received for peer reviewing as confidential, and must not use the information obtained through peer review for personal advantage.
5. The Reviewers comments against each invited manuscript should be technical, professional and objective.
6. The Reviewers should not review the manuscripts in which they have found conflicts of interest with any of the authors, companies, or institutions.
7. The Reviewers should disclose and try to avoid any conflict of interest.
Duties and Responsibilities of Authors
1. Manuscripts must be submitted only in English and should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology.
2. Manuscripts must be submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by or any other publisher.
3. The submitting corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the manuscript article's publication has been approved by all the other coauthors.
4. In order to sustain the peer review system, authors have an obligation to participate in peer review process to evaluate manuscripts from others.
5. It is also the authors' responsibility to ensure that the manuscripts emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution.
6. It is a condition for submission of a manuscript that the authors permit editing of the paper for readability.
7. Authors are requested to clearly identify who provided financial support for the conduct of research and/or preparation of the manuscript and briefly describe the role of the founder/ sponsor in any part of the work.
9. Under open access license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited properly.
10. All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to serve as the correspondent with the editorial office, to review the edited manuscript and proof.
11. When author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal Editor-in-Chief or publisher to retract or correct the manuscript.
12. All authors must know that that the submitted manuscripts under review or published with TopScienece Publishing are subject to screening using Plagiarism Prevention Software. Plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics.
13. All authors must ensure that all authors have read the submission final checklist before being submitted to the TopScienece Publishing.
Principles of Transparency
Peer review process: TopScienece Publishing is a double blind peer reviewed electronic and print Continuous publication concerned with all aspects of environmental science and management. This process, as well as any policies related to the journal’s peer review procedures, is clearly described on the journal’s Web site.
Governing Body: TopScienece Publishing has very strong editorial board, whose members are recognized experts in the subject areas included within the journal’s scope. The full names and affiliations of the journal’s Editor-in-Chief is provided on the journal’s Web site.
Contact information: Journal is provided the contact information for the editorial office of TopScienece Publishing.
Author fees / Access: The Journal database is fully open access and full text of published articles are available for everyone who can get access to the Journal website free of cost. Besides, the authors never pay any charges for submission, article processing and publication.
Copyright: Journals made clear the type of copyright under which authors work will be published. Upon acceptance of manuscript, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'.
Identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct: The Editor-in-Chief takes reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others.
Web site: A journal’s Web site content has high ethical and professional standards.
Name of journal: The Journal name should be unique and not be one that is easily confused with another journal.
Conflicts of interest: Authors are requested to evident whether impending conflicts do or do not exist while submitting their articles to TopScience Publishing through Conflict of Interest Disclosure form.
Publishing schedule: The periodicity at which a journal publishes is clearly indicated.
Archiving: A journal’s plan for electronic backup and preservation of access to the journal content is clearly indicated.
Violation of Publication Ethics
Plagiarism: Plagiarism is intentionally using someone else’s ideas or other original material as if they are one's own. Copying even one sentence from someone else’s manuscript, or even one of your own that has previously been published, without proper citation is considered as plagiarism. All manuscripts under review or published with TopScience are subject to screening using plagiarism prevention software. Thus, plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics. The development of CrossCheck is a service that helps editors to verify the originality of papers. CrossCheck is powered by the Ithenticate software from iParadigms, known in the academic community as providers of Turnitin.
Data Fabrication and Falsification: Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not really carry out the study, but made up data or results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but manipulated, changed, or omitted data or results from the research findings.
Simultaneous Submission: Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript (or substantial sections from a manuscript) is submitted to a journal when it is already under consideration by another journal.
Duplicate Publication: Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share essentially the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and conclusions.
Redundant Publications: Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles, most often consequent to the desire to plump academic vitae.
Improper Author Contribution or Attribution: All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. Don’t forget to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.
Citation Manipulation: Citation Manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal. This leads to misrepresenting the importance of the specific work and journal in which it appears and is thus a form of scientific misconduct.
Sanctions: In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal, the following sanctions will be applied: (i) Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript, (ii) Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript, (iii) Prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 36 months against all of the authors for any new submissions to any journal, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript, and (iv) Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal.
Handling Cases of Misconduct
Once TopScienece Publishing confirms a violation against TopScienece Publishing’s publication ethics, TopScienece Publishing addresses ethical concerns diligently following an issue-specific standard practice as summarized below.
1. The first action of the journal Editor is to inform the Editorial Office of TopScienece Publishing by supplying copies of the relevant material and a draft letter to the corresponding author asking for an explanation in a nonjudgmental manner.
2. If the author’s explanation is unacceptable and it seems that serious unethical conduct has taken place, the matter is referred to the Publication Committee via Editorial Office. After deliberation, the Committee will decide whether the case is sufficiently serious to warrant a ban on future submissions.
3. If the infraction is less severe, the Editor, upon the advice of the Publication Committee, sends the author a letter of reprimand and reminds the author of TopScienece Publishing publication policies; if the manuscript has been published, the Editor may request the author to publish an apology in the journal to correct the record.
4. Notification will be sent to corresponding author and any work by the author responsible for the violation or any work these persons coauthored that is under review by TopScienece Publishing journal will be rejected immediately.
5. The authors are prohibited from serving on TopScienece Publishing editorial board and serving as a reviewer for TopScienece Publishing Journal. TopScienece Publishing reserves the right to take more actions.
6. In extreme cases, notifications will be sent to the affiliations of the authors and the authors are prohibited from submitting their work to TopScienece Publishing for 5 years.
7. In serious cases of fraud that result in retraction of the article, a retraction notice will be published in the journal and will be linked to the article in the online version. The online version will also be marked “retracted” with the retraction date.
TopScience Publishing supports and promotes ethics in publishing. To this end, TopScience Publishing is committed to deterring and actively addressing plagiarism and self-plagiarism. The TopScience Journal Program screens all submissions
using CrossCheck's iThenticate software to determine the similarity to existing published material.
The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of work of the author and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior.
Ethics topics to consider when publishing:
Researcer/Authors are advised to follow the following code of ethics strictly. They should submit manuscripts which are their original works or of the work they are associated with during their tenure. Submitted manuscripts should contain original and new results, data, and their ideas, which have not submitted for publishing to other publications or published elsewhere. Fabrication of data and results, intellectual property theft and plagiarism are highly unacceptable, it is beyond the ethics of an author.
Authorship of the paper:
The corresponding author must provide the full name, email address, and institutional affiliation for all of the co-authors during submission. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. The list of authors for a paper is a declaration that each individual has made a substantive and material contribution to the development and composition of the paper. The affiliation for each author should reflect the primary institution where the research was conducted. If an author has changed their affiliation before publication, an author’s current affiliation can be included in a footnote to the author’s name where it appears on the first page.
Originality and plagiarism:
The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, ensure that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
Data access and retention:
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.
Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication:
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. TopScience publishing do not view the following uses of a work as prior publication: publication in the form of an abstract; publication as an academic thesis; publication as an electronic reprint.
Acknowledgement of sources: Proper acknowledgement.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest:
All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
Fundamental errors in published works:
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.
A reviewer is a major member contributing to the quality of the journal. Being a peer review (blind referee) journal, the reviewer’s identity is not disclosed in any form. All submissions should be treated by reviewers as confidential, editorial approval might be given based on the advice received from reviewers.